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英语26个字母的不自然拼读

本文摘要:一、元音字母的不自然拼读英语有二十六个字母,五个纯元音字母(AEIOU),20个纯辅音字母,一个半元音字母(Y)。一般来讲元音字母在单词中读元音,辅音字母在单词中读辅音,理论上每个元音字母要有四种读音才气满足20个元音音素的读音需要。 我们把元音字母的四种读音划分称为:重开音、重闭音、非重音、协同音。元音字母在音节中的读音一般规则可以归纳为下:重开音是指元音字母在重读开音节的读音,元音字母在重读开音节中一般读字母自己的音或长音。重闭音是指元音字母在重读闭音节中的读音。

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一、元音字母的不自然拼读英语有二十六个字母,五个纯元音字母(AEIOU),20个纯辅音字母,一个半元音字母(Y)。一般来讲元音字母在单词中读元音,辅音字母在单词中读辅音,理论上每个元音字母要有四种读音才气满足20个元音音素的读音需要。

我们把元音字母的四种读音划分称为:重开音、重闭音、非重音、协同音。元音字母在音节中的读音一般规则可以归纳为下:重开音是指元音字母在重读开音节的读音,元音字母在重读开音节中一般读字母自己的音或长音。重闭音是指元音字母在重读闭音节中的读音。

非重音指的是元音字母在非重读音节的读音,元音字母在非重读音节一般有[ ə ]与 [i]两种读音。协同音是指元音字母在单词中的读音受到前面或后字母影响的读音。二、元音字母在音节中的读音归纳1. 字母A读重开音1)字母A在重读开音节中读字母音[ei ]:name [neim] grade [greid] eraser [i'reisə] cake [keik] same [seim]table ['teibl] late [leit] favourite ['feivərit] face [feis] plane [plein] potato [pə'teitəu] skate [skeit] make [meik] lake [leik] take [teik] save [seiv] station ['steiʃən] tomato[tə'meitəu] safe [seif] gate [geit] snake [sneik] cage [keidʒ] baby ['beibi] paper ['peipə] famous ['feiməs] later ['leitə] radio ['reidiəu] patient ['peiʃənt]2)字母A在重读开音节中读长音[a:]:banana [bə'nɑ:nə] father ['fɑ:ðə] rather ['rɑ:ðə]2.字母A读重闭音字母A在重读闭音节中读[æ] :map [mæp] bag [bæg] apple ['æpl] glad [glæd] hat [hæt] black [blæk] catch [kætʃ] hamburger ['hæmbə:gə] math [mæθ] rabbit ['ræbit] bank [bæŋk] accident ['æksidənt] happen ['hæpən] exam [ig'zæm] cabbage ['kæbidʒ] fact [fækt] 3.字母A读非重音1)字母A在非重读音节读[ə]:American [ə'merikən] China ['tʃaɪnə] capital ['kæpitəl] husband ['hʌzbənd] hospital ['hɔspitəl] vegetable ['vedʒitəbl] laboratory [lə'bɔrətəri] library ['laibrəri] about [ə'baut] agree [ə'gri:]2) 字母A在非重读音节读[i]:orange ['ɔ:rindʒ] language ['læŋgwidʒ] manager ['mænidʒə] village ['vilidʒ] temperature ['tempritʃə] message ['mesidʒ] cabbage ['kæbidʒ] chocolate ['tʃɔkəlit]4.字母A读协同音1)字母A在W后读[ɔ]或[ɔ:] :washroom ['wɔʃrum] watch [wɔtʃ] water ['wɔ:tə] wash [wɔʃ] was [wɔz] Washington ['wɔʃiŋtən]2)字母A在S/ n前读[a:]:class [klɑ:s] ask [ɑ:sk] past [pɑ:st] basket ['bɑ:skit] glass [glɑ:s] pass [pɑ:s] France [frɑ:ns] dance [dɑ:ns] fast [fɑ:st] last [lɑ:st] grass [grɑ:s] headmaster ['hed'mɑ:stə]3)字母A在L前读[ɔ:]:ball [bɔ:l] wall [wɔ:l] small [smɔ:l] tall [tɔ:l] all [ɔ:l] talk [tɔ:k] call [kɔ:l] walk [wɔ:k] already [ɔ:l'redi] although [ɔ:l'ðəu] hall[hɔ:l] salt [sɔ:lt] false[fɔ:ls] almost[ˈɔ:lməʊst] also [ˈɔ:lsəʊ]5.字母A读音不规则音: have [hæv] family ['fæmili] many ['meni] any ['eni] animal ['æniməl] madam ['mædəm] manager ['mænidʒə] 元音字母E在音节中的读音1. 字母E读重开音1)字母E在重读开音节读字母音[i:]:these [ði:z] we [wi:] evening ['i:vniŋ] be [bi:] even ['i:vən] Chinese['tʃai'ni:z] Japanese[,dʒæpə'ni:z] she [ʃi:] he [hi:] me [mi:] metre ['mi:tə] 2)字母E在重读开音节读[e]:very ['veri] America [ə'merikən] vegetable ['vedʒitəbl] medicine ['medisin] melon ['melən] second ['sekənd] never ['nevə] together [tə'geðə] celebrate ['selibreit] elephant ['elifənt]2. 字母E读重闭音字母E在重读闭音节读[e]:ten [ten] spell [spel] pen [pen] desk [desk] egg [eg] welcome ['welkəm] let [let] address [ə'dres] dress [dres] next ['nekst] leg [leg] empty ['empti] rest [rest] letter ['letə] better['betə] left [left] tell [tel] remember [ri'membə] invent [in'vent] December [di'sembə] wet [wet] message ['mesidʒ]3.字母E读非重音1)字母E在非重读音节读[i]:college ['kɔlidʒ] toilet ['tɔilit] chicken ['tʃikin] harvest ['hɑ:vist] forest ['fɔrist] pocket ['pɔkit]racket ['rækit] wallet ['wɔlit] knowledge ['nɔlidʒ]2) 字母E在非重读音节读[ə]:science ['saiəns] hello [hə'ləʊ] open ['əupən] listen ['lisən] seven ['sevən] different ['difərənt] even ['i:vən]4.字母E读协同音字母E在ri/ro前读[iə]:zero ['ziərəu] serious ['siəriəs] period ['pɪərɪəd] experience [ɪk'spɪərɪəns] series ['sɪəriːz]元音字母I在音节中的读音1.字母I读重开音1)字母I在重读开音节中读字母音 [ai] :hi [hai] nine [nain] Chinese['tʃai'ni:z] fine [fain] wife [waif] kite [kait] white [hwait] line [lain] mine [main] beside [bi'said] knife [naif] rice [rais] ice [ais] ride [raid] write [rait] price [prais] hike [haik] exciting [ik'saitiŋ] lion ['laiən] tiger ['taigə] quite [kwait] diary ['daiəri] science ['saiəns] invite [in'vait] 2)字母I重读开音节中读长音[i:]:police [pə'li:s] machine [mə'ʃi:n] policeman [pə'li:smən] magazine [,mægə'zi:n]2.字母I读重闭音字母I在重读闭音节中读[i] :six [siks] think [θiŋk] picture ['piktʃə] twin [twin] with [wið] drink [driŋk] chips [tʃip] swim [swim] sing [siŋ] dinner ['dinə] dish [diʃ] trip [trip] winter ['wintə] pick [pik] lift [lift] village ['vilidʒ]3.字母I读非重音1)字母I在非重读音节中读[i]:family ['fæmili] tennis ['tenis] favorite ['feivərit] America [ə'merikə] capital ['kæpitəl] office ['ɔfis] important [im'pɔ:tənt] animal ['æniməl]2)字母I在非重读音节中读[ə]:pencil ['pensəl] cousin ['kʌzən] festival ['festəvəl] holiday [ˈhɒlədeɪ]4.字母I读协同音字母I在gh前读[ai] :right [rait] light [lait] bright [brait] flight [flait]5.字母I读音不规则音:river ['rivə] give [giv] city ['siti] visit ['vizit] finish ['finiʃ] cinema ['sinimə]digital ['didʒitəl] after ['ɑ:ftə]元音字母O在音节中的读音1.字母O读重开音1)字母O在重读开音节中读字母音[əu] :no [nəu] hello [hə'ləu] home [həum] those [ðəuz] over ['əuvə] phone [fəun] open ['əupən] so [səu] nose [nəuz] broken ['brəukən] close [kləuz] smoke [sməuk] October [ɔk'təubə] hope [həup] ago [ə'gəu] notice ['nəutis]2)字母O在重读开音节中读长音[u:] :who [hu:] do[du:] improve [ɪm'pruːv] move [mu:v] lose [lu:z] 2.字母O读重闭音字母O在重读闭音节中读[ɔ] :not [nɔt] clock [klɔk] doctor ['dɔktə] lock [lɔk] from [frɔm] shop [ʃɔp] hot [hɔt] hospital ['hɔspitl] job [dʒɔb] hobby ['hɔbi] problem ['prɔbləm] dollar['dɔlə] college ['kɔlidʒ] dolphin ['dɔlfin] soccer ['sɔkə] rock [rɔk] concert ['kɔnsət] song [sɔŋ] pocket ['pɔkit] lost [lɔst]3.字母O读非重音字母I在非重读音节中读[ə]:together[təˈgeðə] today [tə'dei] welcome ['welkəm] police [pə'li:s] carrot ['kærət] history ['histəri] lesson ['lesən] lion ['laiən]4.字母O读协同音字母O在th/ ve/ n/m前读[ʌ] :mother ['mʌðə] brother ['brʌðə] love [lʌv] some [sʌm] money ['mʌni] glove [glʌv] other ['ʌðə] Monday ['mʌndei] another[ə'nʌðə] nothing ['nʌθiŋ] monkey ['mʌŋki] front [frʌnt] month [mʌnθ] 5.字母O读不规则音:colour ['kʌlə] body ['bɔdi] woman ['wumən] popular ['pɔpjulə] post [pəust] most[məust] both [bəuθ] 字母U在音节中的读音1.字母U读重开音1)字母U在重读开音节中读字母音[j u:] :computer[kəm'pju:tə] excuse [iks'kju:z] student ['stju:dənt] use [ju:z] music ['mju:zik] usually ['ju:ʒuəli] refuse [ri'fju:z] human ['hju:mən] produce [prə'dju:s] scuba ['skju:bə] pupil ['pju:pl] universe ['ju:nivə:s] huge [hju:dʒ] duty ['dju:ti]2)字母U在重读开音节中读长音[u:] :ruler ['ru:lə] true [tru:] July [dʒu:'lai] June [dʒu:n] pollute [pə'lu:t] rule [ru:l]2.字母U读重闭音字母U在重读闭音节中读[ʌ] :number ['nʌmbə] cup [kʌp] bus [bʌs] much [mʌtʃ] us [ʌs] husband ['hʌzbənd] uncle ['ʌŋkl] must [mʌst] lunch [lʌntʃ] hundred ['hʌndrəd] hungry ['hʌŋgri] jump [dʒʌmp] run [rʌn] fun 3.字母U读非重音1)字母U在非重读音节中读[ə]:upon [ə'pɔn] stadium['steidiəm] minus['mainəs] success [sək'ses]Augest [ˈɔ:gəst] autumn[ˈɔ:təm] support[səˈpɔ:t]supply [səˈplaɪ] suppose [səˈpəʊz] success [səkˈses]2)字母U在非重读音节中读[i]:minute ['minit]4.字母U读协同音字母 U在q/g后读[w] :question ['kwestʃən] quickly ['kwikli] language ['læŋgwidʒ] quiet ['kwaiət] quarrel ['kwɔrəl] penguin ['peŋgwin]5.字母U读不规则音:study ['stʌdi] busy ['bizi] business ['biznis]put [put] full [ful] push [puʃ] pull [pul]三、辅字母的不自然拼读英语纯辅音字母有20个,字母Y位于音节音首为辅音,辅音音素28个,相对于元音字母辅音字母的读音比力对称。

大多数辅音字母在单词中读字母音的节首音或韵尾音,少数辅音字母对应多个读音,也有个体辅音字母不发音。辅音字母在单词中的读音如下表:四、在音节中有多种读音的辅音字母读音归纳1.字母C的读音规则1)字母C在E、I、Y读[s] :nice [nais] certainly ['sə:tənli] rice [rais] price [prais] cent [sent] century ['sentʃuri] celebrate ['selibreit] concert ['kɔnsət] necessary [ˈnesəsəri] recently [ˈri:sntli]success [səkˈses] city ['siti] medicine ['medisin] exciting [ik'saitiŋ] cinema ['sinimə] decide [di'said]circle ['sə:kl]cycle [ˈsaɪkl] exercise ['eksəsaɪz]2). 字母C在ie、io、ia前读[ʃ]:delicious [di'liʃəs] especially [is'peʃəli] appreciate [əˈpri:ʃieɪt] precious [ˈpreʃəs] social[ˈsəʊʃl] associate [əˈsəʊʃieɪt] ocean [ˈəʊʃn] official[əˈfɪʃl] ancient [ˈeɪnʃənt] special ['speʃəl]2.字母N的读音字母N在K或G前读[ŋ]:think [θiŋk] thanks [θæŋks] thing [θiŋ] long [lɔŋ] strong [strɔŋ] singer ['siŋə] song [sɔŋ] ring [riŋ] finger ['fiŋgə] sink [siŋk] pink [piŋk]3.字母S的读音1)字母S读轻音[s]:six [siks] plus [plʌs] minus ['mainəs] spell [spel] secret ['si:krit] desk [desk] bus [bʌs] sorry ['sɔri] ] seven ['sevn] sister ['sistə] same [seim] sit [sit] see [si:] address [ə'dres] guess [ges] must [mʌst] sky [skai] dress [dres] past [pɑ:st]2) 字母S读浊音[z]:is [iz] please [pli:z] blouse [blauz]Chinese['tʃai'ni:z] his [hiz] excuse [iks'kju:z] these [ði:z] husband ['hʌzbənd] cousin ['kʌzən] cheese [tʃi:z] because [bi'kɔz] busy ['bizi] eraser [ɪˈreɪzə(r)] rise[raiz] rose [rəʊz] easy [ˈi:zi]3).字母S在u、 ure、 ia、 iao前读[ʃ]、[ʒ]:sure [ʃuə] Russian ['rʌʃən] sugar ['ʃugə] discussion [dɪˈskʌʃn] pleasure ['pleʒə] television ['teli'viʒən] usually [ˈju:ʒuəli] decision [dɪˈsɪʒn]4.字母T的读音1)字母T在ia、 ie、 io前读[ʃ]:station ['steiʃən] patient ['peiʃənt] question ['kwestʃən] mention ['menʃən] information invitation [ˌɪnvɪˈteɪʃn] education [ˌedʒuˈkeɪʃn]direction [dəˈrekʃn]2)字母T在前ure读[tʃ]:picture ['piktʃə] century ['sentʃuri] temperature ['tempritʃə] future ['fju:tʃə]5.字母X的读音1)字母X读清音[ks]:excuse[ɪkˈskju:s] exchange[ɪksˈtʃeɪndʒ] except[ɪkˈsept] experience [ɪkˈspɪəriəns] experiment [ɪkˈsperɪmənt] explain [ɪkˈspleɪn] expensive[ɪkˈspensɪv] extraordinary [ɪkˈstrɔ:dnri]2)字母X读浊音[gz]:exact [ɪgˈzækt] exam[ɪgˈzæm] example [ɪgˈa:mpl] exist [ɪgˈzɪst] exhaust [ɪgˈzɔ:st] executive [ɪgˈzekjətɪv]6.字母Y的读音1) 字母Y在节首读[j]:yes [jes] yellow ['jeləu] year [ jiə] young [jʌŋ] your [jɔ:(r)] yard [jɑ:d]2)字母Y在重读音节焦点读[ai]:my [mai] bye [bai] eye [ai]why [waɪ] buy [bai]by[bai] type [taɪp]3) 字母Y在非重读音节焦点读[i]:twenty ['twenti] very ['veri] really ['riəli] many ['meni] any ['eni] library ['laibrəri] candy ['kændi] healthy ['helθi]。


本文关键词:英语,26个,字,母的,不自然,拼读,一,、,元音,字,亚美体育

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